频繁洗脸有助于清除痘痘

谣言 频繁洗脸有助于清除痘痘

真相 痘痘并不是由外界脏污引起的[1]

痘痘的形成与多种因素有关,比如皮脂分泌过多、毛囊口栓塞、细菌感染、炎症和免疫反应,表面的灰尘、油脂并不是引起毛孔堵塞的原因。当然洗脸有助于去除皮肤表面的油脂及皮屑和细菌的混合物,早晚各洗一次即可,如果清洗次数过多或过度用力,反倒会对皮肤产生刺激,不利于痘痘的恢复。[2]


只有青少年才会长痘

谣言 只有青少年才会长痘

真相 不止青少年,很多成年人也会受到痘痘的困扰[1,4]

痤疮又被称为“青春痘”,在青少年和年轻的成年人中比较普遍。不过,也并不只是青春期才会长痘,30、40,甚至是更大年纪,都有可能出现痤疮问题。不管处于哪个年龄段,痤疮的治疗方法是相同的。[3]


痘痘不能根治

谣言 痘痘不能根治

真相 异维A酸可以治愈痘痘

异维A酸是一种治疗痤疮的特效药,而且提供长期疗效。不过,这种药物往往伴随着严重的副作用,使用前一定要咨询医生。


晒太阳有助于痤疮的恢复

谣言 晒太阳有助于痤疮的恢复

真相 适当日晒可以,不过不要晒太长时间

尽管适当的日晒不会引起痤疮,但过度日晒就有可能导致皮肤损伤,继而引发痤疮或使痤疮恶化,因此,痤疮易发部位要限制暴露在阳光下的时长。对于肤色较浅的人,每天在太阳光下10-20分钟有助于缓解痤疮的症状,肤色较深的人,则为20-30分钟。当需要长时间暴露在阳光下时,要注意使用合适的防晒产品。[1-2,5]


痘痘一定不能挤

谣言 痘痘一定不能挤

真相 正确的挤痘有助于痘痘恢复

没有成熟,或者没有冒出白头的痘痘,不能用手去挤,否则可能使情况恶化并且更难恢复。痘痘成熟后,采用正确的方法挤痘则有助于消除感染,利于痘痘的恢复。


皮肤科医生知道关于痤疮的一切

谣言 皮肤科医生知道关于痤疮的一切

真相 多数医生并不是研究痤疮的专家

皮肤科医生具有各种皮肤病的专业知识,痤疮只是其中一种,多数皮肤科医生并不是研究痤疮的专家,当然也有深入研究此领域的人。当被痤疮困扰时,要尽可能的学习关于痤疮的知识,对自己的情况有所了解。

  1. "Questions and Answers About Acne." National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases Jan. 2006. National Institutes of Health. 2001.
  2. Magin, P., D. Pond, W. Smith, and A. Watson. "A Systematic Review of the Evidence For 'Myths and Misconceptions' in Acne Management: Diet, Face-Washing and Sunlight." Family Practice. 22.1 (2005): 62-70.
  3. Hirsch, Glenn. "Guide to Psychiatric Medications for Children and Adolescents". AboutOurKids.org. 27 Feb. 2007.
  4. Green, J., and R.D. Sinclair. "Perceptions of Acne Vulgaris in Final Year Medical Student Written Exam Answers." The Australasian Journal of Dermatology 42.2 (2001): 98-101. Abstract. PubMed. 15 Apr. 2002.
  5. Gfesser, M., and W.I. Worret. "Seasonal Variations in the Severity of Acne Vulgaris." International Journal of Dermatology 35.2 (1996): 116-7. Abstract. PubMed. 15 Apr. 2002.
  6. "Diet best medicine for pimply problem - study". RMIT.edu. 2 Apr. 2007.
  7. Brand-Miller, Jennie, Loren Cordain, S. Boyd Eaton, Kim Hill, Magdalena Hurtado, and Staffan Lindeberg, "AcneVularis: A Disease of Western Civilization." Archives of Dermatology 138.12 (2002): 1584-1590.
  8. Cordain, Loren. "Implications for the Role of Diet in Acne." Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery 24 (2005): 84-91.
  9. Cunliffe WJ, Goulden V and Stables GI. "Prevalence of Facial Acne in Adults." Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 1999; 41(4): 577-80.
  10. Knaggs HE, et al. "Post-adolescent acne." International Journal of Cosmetic Science. 2004; 26(3): 129-38.
  11. Collier CN, et al. "The prevalence of acne in adults 20 years and older." Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 2008; 58(1): 56-59.
  12. Dhir R, et al. "Oral isotretinoin is as effective as a combination of oral isotretinoin and topical anti-acne agents in nodulocystic acne." Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology. 2008; 74(2): 187.
  13. Ng PP and Goh CL. "Treatment outcome of acne vulgaris with oral isotretinoin in 89 patients." International Journal of Dermatology. 1999; 38(3): 213-6.
  14. Quereux G, et al. "Prospective study of risk factors of relapse after treatment of acne with oral isotretinoin." Dermatology. 2006; 212(2): 168-76.
  15. Akman A, et al. "Treatment of acne vulgaris with intermittent and conventional isotretinoin: a randomized, controlled multicenter study." Archives of Dermatological Research. 2007; 299(10): 467-73.
  16. Kwon HH, et al. "Analysis of distribution patterns of Propionibacterium acnes phylotypes and Peptostrepococcus species from acne lesions." British Journal of Dermatology. 2013; 169(5): 1152-5.

延伸阅读

  1. Adebamowo CA et al. "High school dietary dairy intake and teenage acne." Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 52.2 (2005): 207-14. Abstract. PubMed. Feb. 2005.
  2. Fulton, James E. Acne Rx. James E. Fulton Jr., M.D., PhD: 2001.
  3. Kligman, Albert M., and Gerd Plewig. Acne and Rosacea. Berlin: Springer, 2000.

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